Strongyloidiasis caused by Strongyloides stercoralis, an intestinal nematode, is endemic in developing countries. The infection is usually asymptomatic in the immunocompetent host with mild gastrointestinal symptoms, but involves multiple organs in immunocompromised individuals. The majority of cases of hyperinfection that have occurred following organ transplant have occurred following renal transplant and an important cause of mortality in these patients, if left undiagnosed and untreated. We report a case of hyperinfection with Strongyloides stercoralis in a post renal transplant patient who was successfully treated for the hyperinfection.
Sukanya Sudhaharan, Madhusudhan Patil and Lakshmi Vemu