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Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Effects of Essential Oil of Reseda Lutea L. on Pathogenic Bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Escherichia coli

Background and aim Medicinal plants due to natural source, low risks and side effects, accessibility and lower prices than synthetic drugs has much utilization among people. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of essential oil on Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Escherichia coli. Methods After collecting plant and confirmation of its scientific name, essential oil of Reseda lutea extracted using steam distillation by Clevenger method, after drying in shade and antimicrobial effects of essential oil on bacteria was discussed by the well diffusion method. Some amount of essence was injected to gas chromatography instrument linked to mass spectrometer (GC/Ms) to identify the amount and type of essential oil compounds. Results The results showed that the essential oil extracted from plant has germicidal effects. Meanwhile, the greatest influence is on the strains Escherichia coli and the least effect is on strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. In this plant 40 components were identified. Conclusion The results of the present study indicate the weeds can be seen in medicinal plants and also herbal Essences can be used as alternative for esthetic drugs to treat infections of course, all of these effects should be checked in vivo and in vitro conditions, carefully.


Jafari-Sales A, Bagherizadeh Y, Malekzadeh P, Ahmadi B, Bonab FR

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