Worldwide, resistance to antibiotics is a major health problem. Nowadays, multiples lines of evidence confirmed that food, in particular poultry products, may acts as reservoir of antibiotic-resistant bacteria or genetic elements encoding antibiotic resistance. Commensal Escherichia coli colonizing animals designated to human consummation (poultry, bovine, pork) often harbors mobile genetic elements that can be transferred in vivo to infectious pathogens. In addition, antibiotic resistant E. coli can be easily transferred to human via food chain. The objective of this work was to review the published data on the prevalence of antibiotic resistance and their genetic supports in E. coli of animal origins in Tunisia.
Abbassi Mohamed Salah, Debbichi Najwa, Mahrouki Sihem and Hammami Salah